In the previous article, we have discussed Python Program for Dictionary setdefault() Method

**fmod() Function in Python:**

The remainder (modulo) of x/y is returned by the math.fmod() method.

The Python fmod() math function is used to compute the Modulo of the given arguments.

**Syntax:**

math.fmod(x, y)

**Parameters:**

**x:** This is required. It is a positive or a negative number to divide.

**y:** This is required. It is a positive or negative number with which to divide x

**Note:**

If both x and y are zero, a ValueError is returned.

If y = 0, a ValueError is returned.

If x or y is not a number, it returns a TypeError.

**Return Value:**

It returns a float value which indicates the remainder of x/y.

**Examples:**

**Example1:**

**Input:**

Given list = [1, -2, -3, 4] Given first number = 18 Given second number = 2 Given number = 3

**Output:**

The remainder when given first number/second number { 18 / 2 } = 0.0 The remainder when gvn_lst[2]/given number { -3 / 5 } = -3.0 The remainder of -16/5 = -1.0

**Example2:**

**Input:**

Given list = [2, 4, 6, 8, 10] Given first number = 8 Given second number = 5 Given number = 4

**Output:**

The remainder when given first number/second number { 8 / 5 } = 3.0 The remainder when gvn_lst[3]/given number { 8 / 4 } = 0.0 The remainder of -25/-4 = -1.0

## Program for fmod() Function in Python

### Method #1: Using Built-in Functions (Static Input)

**Approach:**

- Import math module using the import keyword.
- Give the list as static input and store it in a variable.
- Give the first number as static input and store it in another variable.
- Give the second number as static input and store it in another variable.
- Apply math.fmod() function to the given first and the second number to get the remainder of the given first number/given the second number.
- Store it in another variable.
- Print the above result which is the result after applying fmod() function.
- Give the number as static input and store it in another variable.
- Apply math.fmod() function to the given list element and above-given number and print it.
- The Exit of Program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Import math module using the import keyword. import math # Give the list as static input and store it in a variable. gvn_lst = [1, -2, -3, 4] # Give the first number as static input and store it in another variable. gvn_numb1 = 18 # Give the secondÂ number as static input and store it in another variable. gvn_numb2 = 2 # Apply math.fmod() function to the given first and second number to get the # remainder of given first number/given second number. # store it in another variable. remaindr = math.fmod(gvn_numb1, gvn_numb2) # Print the above result which is the result after applying fmod() function. print( "The remainder when given first number/second number {", gvn_numb1, "/", gvn_numb2, "} = ", remaindr) # Give the number as static input and store it in another variable. gvn_numb3 = 5 # Apply math.fmod() function to the given list element and above given number and print it. print( "The remainder when gvn_lst[2]/given number {", gvn_lst[2], "/", gvn_numb3, "} = ", math.fmod(gvn_lst[2], gvn_numb3)) # similarly do the same for other numbers and print it. print("The remainder of -16/5 = ", math.fmod(-16, 5))

**Output:**

The remainder when given first number/second number { 18 / 2 } = 0.0 The remainder when gvn_lst[2]/given number { -3 / 5 } = -3.0 The remainder of -16/5 = -1.0

### Method #2: Using Built-in Functions (User Input)

**Approach:**

- Import math module using the import keyword.
- Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions.
- Store it in a variable.
- Give first and second numbers respectively as user input using int(), map(), input(), and split()

functions. - Store them in two separate variables.
- Apply math.fmod() function to the given first and the second number to get the remainder of the given first number/given the second number.
- Store it in another variable.
- Print the above result which is the result after applying fmod() function.
- Give the number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable.
- Apply math.fmod() function to the given list element and above-given number and print it.
- The Exit of Program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Import math module using the import keyword. import math # Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions. # Store it in a variable. gvn_lst = list(map(int, input( 'Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = ').split())) # Give first and second numbers respectively as user input using int(),map(),input(),and split() # functions and store them in two separate variables. gvn_numb1, gvn_numb2 = map(int, input( "Enter two random numbers separated by spaces = ").split()) # Apply math.fmod() function to the given first and second number to get the # remainder of given first number/given second number. # store it in another variable. remaindr = math.fmod(gvn_numb1, gvn_numb2) # Print the above result which is the result after applying fmod() function. print( "The remainder when given first number/second number {", gvn_numb1, "/", gvn_numb2, "} = ", remaindr) # Give the number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable. gvn_numb3 = int(input("Enter some random number = ")) # Apply math.fmod() function to the given list element and above given number and print it. print( "The remainder when gvn_lst[3]/given number {", gvn_lst[3], "/", gvn_numb3, "} = ", math.fmod(gvn_lst[3], gvn_numb3))

**Output:**

Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = 2 4 6 8 10 Enter two random numbers separated by spaces = 8 5 The remainder when given first number/second number { 8 / 5 } = 3.0 Enter some random number = 4 The remainder when gvn_lst[3]/given number { 8 / 4 } = 0.0

Read all the mathematical functions available in Python and understand how to implement them in your program by using the tutorial of Python Mathematical Methods Examples.