 # Python Program to Find Sum of Arithmetic Progression Series

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Arithmetic progression:

An Arithmetic progression is a mathematical sequence of numbers in which the difference between the consecutive terms is constant.

In general, an arithmetic sequence looks like this:  a, a+d, a+2d, a+3d,…………….

where a = first term

d= common difference

n= number of terms in series

Formula : d= second term – first term

The sum of Arithmetic progression Series : Sn = n/2(2a + (n – 1) d)
The Tn (nth term) of Arithmetic progression Series : Tn = a + (n – 1) d

Given a, n, d values and the task is to find the sum of the Arithmetic progression Series.

Examples:

Example 1:

Input:

Given first term = 3
Given total terms = 9
Given common difference = 4

Output:

Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:( 3 9 4 ) = 171.0
The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:( 3 9 4 ) = 35

Example 2:

Input:

Given first term = 7
Given total terms = 15
Given common difference = 2

Output:

Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:( 7 15 2 ) =  315.0
The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:( 7 15 2 ) =  35

## Program to Find Sum of Arithmetic Progression Series

Below are the ways to find the sum of the Arithmetic progression Series:

### Method #1: Using Mathematical Formula (Static Input)

Approach:

• Give the first term of arithmetic progression series as static input and store it in a variable.
• Give the total number of terms of the A.P. series as static input and store it in another variable.
• Give the common difference of the A.P. series as static input and store it in another variable.
• Calculate the sum of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given mathematical formula(n/2(2a + (n – 1) d)) and store it in a variable.
• Calculate the nth term of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given mathematical formula ( Tn = a + (n – 1) d) and store it in another variable.
• Print the sum and nth term of the given Arithmetic Progression series.
• The Exit of the program.

Below is the implementation:

# Give the first term of arithmetic progression series as static input
# and store it in a variable.
fst_trm = 2
# Give the total number of terms of the A.P. series as static input and
# store it in another variable.
total_terms = 6
# Give the common difference of the A.P. series as static input and store it
# in another variable.
common_diff = 4
# Calculate the sum of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given
# mathematical formula(n/2(2a + (n – 1) d)) and store it in a variable.
sum_ap = (total_terms * (2 * fst_trm + (total_terms - 1) * common_diff)) / 2
# Calculate the nth term of the given arithmetic progression series using the above
# given mathematical formula ( Tn = a + (n – 1) d) and store it in another variable.
nth_trm_ap = fst_trm + (total_terms - 1) * common_diff
# Print the sum and nth term of the given Arithmetic Progression series.
print("Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:(",
fst_trm, total_terms, common_diff, ") = ", sum_ap)
print("The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:(",
fst_trm, total_terms, common_diff, ") = ", nth_trm_ap)

Output:

Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:( 2 6 4 ) =  72.0
The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:( 2 6 4 ) =  22

### Method #2: Using Mathematical Formula (User Input)

Approach:

• Give the first term of arithmetic progression series as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
• Give the total number of terms of the A.P. series as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable.
• Give the common difference of the A.P. series as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable.
• Calculate the sum of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given mathematical formula(n/2(2a + (n – 1) d)) and store it in a variable.
• Calculate the nth term of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given mathematical formula ( Tn = a + (n – 1) d) and store it in another variable.
• Print the sum and nth term of the given Arithmetic Progression series.
• The Exit of the program.

Below is the implementation:

# Give the first term of arithmetic progression series as user input using the
# int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
fst_trm = int(input("Enter some random number = "))
# Give the total number of terms of the A.P. series as user input using the int(input()) function and store
# it in another variable.
total_terms = int(input("Enter some random number = "))
# Give the common difference of the A.P. series as user input using the int(input()) function and
# store it in another variable.
common_diff = int(input("Enter some random number = "))
# Calculate the sum of the given arithmetic progression series using the above given
# mathematical formula(n/2(2a + (n – 1) d)) and store it in a variable.
sum_ap = (total_terms * (2 * fst_trm + (total_terms - 1) * common_diff)) / 2
# Calculate the nth term of the given arithmetic progression series using the above
# given mathematical formula ( Tn = a + (n – 1) d) and store it in another variable.
nth_trm_ap = fst_trm + (total_terms - 1) * common_diff
# Print the sum and nth term of the given Arithmetic Progression series.
print("Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:(",
fst_trm, total_terms, common_diff, ") = ", sum_ap)
print("The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:(",
fst_trm, total_terms, common_diff, ") = ", nth_trm_ap)


Output:

Enter some random number = 3
Enter some random number = 9
Enter some random number = 4
Given Arithmetic Progression Series Sum with [a,n,d]:( 3 9 4 ) = 171.0
The Given Arithmetic Progression Series nth Term with [a,n,d]:( 3 9 4 ) = 35

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