Given two numbers and the task is to find the Multiplication of two numbers.

Also, given a list and the task is to find the Multiplication of all the elements in a given list.

Here we also use the Numpy module to perform theĀ Multiplication

**Python numpy.prod() Function:**

prod() in numpy accepts a list as an argument and returns the product of all the elements in the list. This function is quite useful and saves a significant amount of code. To use numpy.prod(), simply import **numpy**().

**Examples:**

**Example1:**

**Input:**

Given first number = 2 Given second number = 3

**Output:**

The Multiplication of given two numbers { 2 * 3 } = 6

**Example2:**

**Input:**

Given List = [4, 7, 3, 1, 5]

**Output:**

The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list [4, 7, 3, 1, 5] = 420

## Program to Perform Multiplication in Python with Examples

### Method #1: Using (*) Operator (Static Input)

**1) Multiplication using Functions**

**Approach:**

- Create a function say Multof_2numbers() which accepts the given two numbers as the arguments and returns the Multiplication of the given two numbers.
- Inside the function, multiply the given two numbers and store it in a variable.
- Return the above result.
- Give the first number as static input and store it in a variable.
- Give the second number as static input and store it in another variable.
- Pass the given two numbers as the arguments to the Multof_2numbers() function and store it in another variable.
- Print the Multiplication of given two numbers
- The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Create a function say Multof_2numbers() which accepts the given two numbers # as the arguments and returns the Multiplication of given two numbers. def Multof_2numbers(gvn_num1, gvn_num2): # Inside the function, multiply the given two numbers and store it in a variable. rsltmult = gvn_num1 * gvn_num2 # Return the above result. return(rsltmult) # Give the first number as static input and store it in a variable. gvn_num1 = 2 # Give the second number as static input and store it in another variable. gvn_num2 = 3 # Pass the given two numbers as the arguments to the Multof_2numbers() function # and store it in another variable. fnl_mult = Multof_2numbers(gvn_num1, gvn_num2) # Print the Multiplication of given two numbers print( "The Multiplication of given two numbers {", gvn_num1, "*", gvn_num2, "} = ", fnl_mult)

**Output:**

The Multiplication of given two numbers { 2 * 3 } = 6

**2)Multiplication of list Elements using for loop:**

**Approach:**

- Give the list as static input and store it in a variable.
- Take a variable and initialize its value to 1.
- Loop in the given list using the for loop.
- Multiply the element of the given list to the above declared rslt_mul variable and store it in the same variable.
- Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- Ā The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Give the list as static input and store it in a variable. gvn_lst = [4, 7, 3, 1, 5] # Take a variable and initialize its value to 1. rslt_mul = 1 # Loop in the given list using the for loop. for elemnt in gvn_lst: # Multiply the element of the given list to the above declared rslt_mul variable # and store it in the same variable. rslt_mul = rslt_mul * elemnt # Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list. print("The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list", gvn_lst, "= ") print(rslt_mul)

**Output:**

The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list [4, 7, 3, 1, 5] = 420

**3)Using numpy.prod() Function**

**Approach:**

- Give the list as static input and store it in a variable.
- Import numpy module using the import keyword.
- Pass the given list as an argument to the numpy.prod() function to get the multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- Store it in another variable.
- Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Import numpy module using the import keyword. import numpy # Give the list as static input and store it in a variable. gvn_lst = [10, 2, 4] # Pass the given list as an argument to the numpy.prod() function to get # the multiplication of all the elements of a given list. # Store it in another variable. rslt_mul = numpy.prod(gvn_lst) # Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list. print("The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list", gvn_lst, "= ") print(rslt_mul)

**Output:**

The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list [10, 2, 4] = 80

### Method #2: Using (*) Operator (User Input)

**1) Multiplication using Functions**

**Approach:**

- Create a function say Multof_2numbers() which accepts the given two numbers as the arguments and returns the Multiplication of the given two numbers.
- Inside the function, multiply the given two numbers and store it in a variable.
- Return the above result.
- Give the first number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
- Give the second number as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable.
- Pass the given two numbers as the arguments to the Multof_2numbers() function and store it in another variable.
- Print the Multiplication of given two numbers
- The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Create a function say Multof_2numbers() which accepts the given two numbers # as the arguments and returns the Multiplication of given two numbers. def Multof_2numbers(gvn_num1, gvn_num2): # Inside the function, multiply the given two numbers and store it in a variable. rsltmult = gvn_num1 * gvn_num2 # Return the above result. return(rsltmult) # Give the first number as user input using the int(input()) fucntion and store it in a variable. gvn_num1 = int(input("Enter some random number = ")) # Give the second number as user input using the int(input()) fucntion and store it in another variable. gvn_num2 = int(input("Enter some random number = ")) # Pass the given two numbers as the arguments to the Multof_2numbers() function # and store it in another variable. fnl_mult = Multof_2numbers(gvn_num1, gvn_num2) # Print the Multiplication of given two numbers print( "The Multiplication of given two numbers {", gvn_num1, "*", gvn_num2, "} = ", fnl_mult)

**Output:**

Enter some random number = 6 Enter some random number = 4 The Multiplication of given two numbers { 6 * 4 } = 24

**2)Multiplication of list Elements using for loop:**

**Approach:**

- Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions.
- Store it in a variable.
- Take a variable and initialize its value to 1.
- Loop in the given list using the for loop.
- Multiply the element of the given list to the above declared rslt_mul variable and store it in the same variable.
- Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- Ā The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions. # Store it in a variable. gvn_lst = list(map(int, input( 'Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = ').split())) # Take a variable and initialize its value to 1. rslt_mul = 1 # Loop in the given list using the for loop. for elemnt in gvn_lst: # Multiply the element of the given list to the above declared rslt_mul variable # and store it in the same variable. rslt_mul = rslt_mul * elemnt # Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list. print("The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list", gvn_lst, "= ") print(rslt_mul)

**Output:**

Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = 2 3 6 4 The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list [2, 3, 6, 4] = 144

**3)Using numpy.prod() Function**

**Approach:**

- Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions.
- Store it in a variable.
- Import numpy module using the import keyword.
- Pass the given list as an argument to the numpy.prod() function to get the multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- Store it in another variable.
- Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list.
- The Exit of the program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Import numpy module using the import keyword. import numpy # Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions. # Store it in a variable. gvn_lst = list(map(int, input( 'Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = ').split())) # Pass the given list as an argument to the numpy.prod() function to get # the multiplication of all the elements of a given list. # Store it in another variable. rslt_mul = numpy.prod(gvn_lst) # Print the Multiplication of all the elements of a given list. print("The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list", gvn_lst, "= ") print(rslt_mul)

**Output:**

Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = 5 2 3 1 The Multiplication of all the elements of a given list [5, 2, 3, 1] = 30