 # Python Program to Find Maximum Element of each Row in a Matrix

In the previous article, we have discussed Python Program to Find the Row with Maximum Number of 1s in Matrix

Given a matrix, the task is to find the maximum element of each row for the given matrix in python.

What is a matrix:

A matrix is a rectangular sequence of numbers divided into columns and rows. A matrix element or entry is a number that appears in a matrix.

Example: Above is the matrix which contains 5 rows and 4 columns and having elements from 1 to 20.

In this order, the dimensions of a matrix indicate the number of rows and columns.

Here as there are 5 rows and 4 columns it is called a 5*4 matrix.

Examples:

Example1:

Input:

Given Matrix :
1 5 6
11 5 4
9 34 5

Output:

The maximum element of the row { 1 } is : 6
The maximum element of the row { 2 } is : 11
The maximum element of the row { 3 } is : 34

Example2:

Input:

Given Matrix :
1 6 2
10 14 1
6 9 11

Output:

The maximum element of the row { 1 } is : 6
The maximum element of the row { 2 } is : 14
The maximum element of the row { 3 } is : 11

## Program to Find Maximum Element of each Row in a Matrix in Python

Below are the ways to find the maximum element of each row for the given matrix in python:

### Method #1: Using For Loop (Static Input)

Approach:

• Give the matrix as static input and store it in a variable.
• Calculate the number of rows of the given matrix by calculating the length of the nested list using the len() function and store it in a variable mtrxrows.
• Calculate the number of columns of the given matrix by calculating the length of the first list in the nested list using the len() function and store it in a variable mtrxcolums.
• Take a variable that stores the number of 1’s in the row and initialize it with 0.
• Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop.
• Calculate the maximum element of the row using the max() function and store it in a variable.
• Print the maximum element of the given row.
• The Exit of the Program.

Below is the implementation:

# Give the matrix as static input and store it in a variable.
mtrx = [[1, 5, 6], [11, 5, 4], [9, 34, 5]]
# Calculate the number of rows of the given matrix by
# calculating the length of the nested list using the len() function
# and store it in a variable mtrxrows.
mtrxrows = len(mtrx)
# Calculate the number of columns of the given matrix by
# calculating the length of the first list in the nested list
# using the len() function and store it in a variable mtrxcols.
mtrxcols = len(mtrx)
# take a variable which stores the number of 1's in the row and initialize it with 0
maxOnes = 0

# Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop.
for p in range(mtrxrows):
# calculate the maximum element of the row using the max()
# function and store it in a variable
maxRowEle = max(mtrx[p])
# print the maximum element of the given row
print('The maximum element of the row {', p+1, '} is :', maxRowEle)


Output:

The maximum element of the row { 1 } is : 6
The maximum element of the row { 2 } is : 11
The maximum element of the row { 3 } is : 34

### Method #2: Using For loop (User Input)

Approach:

• Give the number of rows of the matrix as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in a variable.
• Give the number of columns of the matrix as user input using the int(input()) function and store it in another variable.
• Take a list and initialize it with an empty value using [] or list() to say gvnmatrix.
• Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop
• Inside the For loop, Give all the row elements of the given Matrix as a list using the list(),map(),int(),split() functions and store it in a variable.
• Add the above row elements list to gvnmatrix using the append() function.
• Take a variable that stores the number of 1’s in the row and initialize it with 0.
• Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop.
• Calculate the maximum element of the row using the max() function and store it in a variable.
• Print the maximum element of the given row.
• The Exit of the Program.

Below is the implementation:

# Give the number of rows of the matrix as user input using the int(input()) function
# and store it in a variable.
mtrxrows = int(input('Enter some random number of rows of the matrix = '))
# Give the number of columns of the matrix as user input using the int(input()) function
# and store it in another variable.
mtrxcols = int(input('Enter some random number of columns of the matrix = '))
# Take a list and initialize it with an empty value using [] or list() to say gvnmatrix.
mtrx = []
# Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop
for n in range(mtrxrows):
# Inside the For loop, Give all the row elements of the given Matrix as a list using
# the list(),map(),int(),split() functions and store it in a variable.
l = list(map(int, input(
'Enter {'+str(mtrxcols)+'} elements of row {'+str(n+1)+'} separated by spaces = ').split()))
# Add the above row elements list to gvnmatrix using the append() function.

mtrx.append(l)

# take a variable which stores the number of 1's in the row and initialize it with 0
maxOnes = 0

# Loop till the given number of rows using the For loop.
for p in range(mtrxrows):
# calculate the maximum element of the row using the max()
# function and store it in a variable
maxRowEle = max(mtrx[p])
# print the maximum element of the given row
print('The maximum element of the row {', p+1, '} is :', maxRowEle)


Output:

Enter some random number of rows of the matrix = 3
Enter some random number of columns of the matrix = 3
Enter {3} elements of row {1} separated by spaces = 1 6 2
Enter {3} elements of row {2} separated by spaces = 10 14 1
Enter {3} elements of row {3} separated by spaces = 6 9 11
The maximum element of the row { 1 } is : 6
The maximum element of the row { 2 } is : 14
The maximum element of the row { 3 } is : 11

Find a comprehensive collection of Examples of Python Programs ranging from simple ones to complex ones to guide you throughout your coding journey.