In the previous article, we have discussed Python Program to Find Maximum and Minimum Elements in List/Array Using Recursion

Given a list and the task is to find the sum of even numbers using recursion in a given list in python.

**Recursion:**

Recursion is the process by which a function calls itself directly or indirectly, and the associated function is known as a recursive function. Certain issues can be addressed fairly easily using a recursive approach. Towers of Hanoi (TOH), Inorder /Preorder/Postorder Tree Traversals, DFS of Graph, and other analogous issues are examples.

**Examples:**

**Example1:**

**Input:**

Given List = [1, 6, 3, 7, 8, 4]

**Output:**

The Sum of Even Elements in a given list [1, 6, 3, 7, 8, 4] = 18

**Example2:**

**Input:**

Given List = [14, 10, 2, 5, 8, 1, 4]

**Output:**

The Sum of Even Elements in a given list [14, 10, 2, 5, 8, 1, 4] = 38

## Program to Find Sum of Even Numbers Using Recursion in a List/Array in Python

Below are the ways to find the sum of even numbers using recursion in a given list in python:

### Method #1: Using Recursion (Static Input)

**Approach:**

- Give the list as static input and store it in a variable.
- Calculate the length of the given list and store it in another variable.
- Take a variable say
**rslt_sum**and initialize its value to 0. - Pass the given list and length of the given list as the arguments to the
**evenelemt_sum**function. - Create a recursive function to say
**evenelemt_sum**which takes the given list and length of the given list as the arguments and returns the sum of even numbers in a given list using recursion. - Make the
**rslt_sum**a global declaration. - Check if the length of the given list is greater than 0 using the if conditional statement.
- If the statement is true, then subtract 1 from the length of the given list and store it in a variable
**k**. - Check if the element present at the index
**k**of the given list is even using modulus operator and if conditional statement. - If the statement is true, add the element present at the index
**k**of the given list to the above-initialized**rslt_sum.** - Store it in the same variable.
- Pass the given list and
**k**value as the arguments to the**evenelemt_sum**function.{Recursive Logic} - Return
**rslt_sum**. - Print the sum of even numbers in the above-given list.
- The Exit of the Program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Create a recursive function to say evenelemt_sum which takes the given list and length # of the given list as the arguments and returns the sum of even numbers in a given list # using recursion. def evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, len_lst): # Make the rslt_sum a global declaration. global rslt_sum # Check if the length of the given list is greater than 0 using the if conditional # statement. if(len_lst > 0): # If the statement is true, then subtract 1 from the length of the given list and # store it in a variable k. k = len_lst-1 # Check if the element present at the index k of the given list is even using modulus # operator and if conditional statement. if(gven_lst[k] % 2 == 0): # If the statement is true, add the element present at the index k of the # given list to the above-initialized rslt_sum. # Store it in the same variable. rslt_sum = rslt_sum+gven_lst[k] # Pass the given list and k value as the arguments to the evenelemt_sum function # {Recursive Logic}. evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, k) # Return rslt_sum. return rslt_sum # Give the list as static input and store it in a variable. gven_lst = [1, 6, 3, 7, 8, 4] # Calculate the length of the given list and store it in another variable. len_lst = len(gven_lst) # Take a variable say rslt_sum and initialize its value to 0. rslt_sum = 0 # Pass the given list and length of the given list as the arguments to the evenelemt_sum # function. # Print the sum of even numbers in the above-given list. print("The Sum of Even Elements in a given list", gven_lst, "=", evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, len_lst))

**Output:**

The Sum of Even Elements in a given list [1, 6, 3, 7, 8, 4] = 18

### Method #2: Using Recursion (User Input)

**Approach:**

- Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions.
- Store it in a variable.
- Calculate the length of the given list and store it in another variable.
- Take a variable say
**rslt_sum**and initialize its value to 0. - Pass the given list and length of the given list as the arguments to the
**evenelemt_sum**function. - Create a recursive function to say
**evenelemt_sum**which takes the given list and length of the given list as the arguments and returns the sum of even numbers in a given list using recursion. - Make the
**rslt_sum**a global declaration. - Check if the length of the given list is greater than 0 using the if conditional statement.
- If the statement is true, then subtract 1 from the length of the given list and store it in a variable
**k**. - Check if the element present at the index
**k**of the given list is even using modulus operator and if conditional statement. - If the statement is true, add the element present at the index
**k**of the given list to the above-initialized**rslt_sum.** - Store it in the same variable.
- Pass the given list and
**k**value as the arguments to the**evenelemt_sum**function.{Recursive Logic} - Return
**rslt_sum**. - Print the sum of even numbers in the above-given list.
- The Exit of the Program.

**Below is the implementation:**

# Create a recursive function to say evenelemt_sum which takes the given list and length # of the given list as the arguments and returns the sum of even numbers in a given list # using recursion. def evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, len_lst): # Make the rslt_sum a global declaration. global rslt_sum # Check if the length of the given list is greater than 0 using the if conditional # statement. if(len_lst > 0): # If the statement is true, then subtract 1 from the length of the given list and # store it in a variable k. k = len_lst-1 # Check if the element present at the index k of the given list is even using modulus # operator and if conditional statement. if(gven_lst[k] % 2 == 0): # If the statement is true, add the element present at the index k of the # given list to the above-initialized rslt_sum. # Store it in the same variable. rslt_sum = rslt_sum+gven_lst[k] # Pass the given list and k value as the arguments to the evenelemt_sum function # {Recursive Logic}. evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, k) # Return rslt_sum. return rslt_sum # Give the list as user input using list(),map(),input(),and split() functions. # Store it in a variable. gven_lst = list(map(int, input( 'Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = ').split())) # Calculate the length of the given list and store it in another variable. len_lst = len(gven_lst) # Take a variable say rslt_sum and initialize its value to 0. rslt_sum = 0 # Pass the given list and length of the given list as the arguments to the evenelemt_sum # function. # Print the sum of even numbers in the above-given list. print("The Sum of Even Elements in a given list", gven_lst, "=", evenelemt_sum(gven_lst, len_lst))

**Output:**

Enter some random List Elements separated by spaces = 14 10 2 5 8 1 4 The Sum of Even Elements in a given list [14, 10, 2, 5, 8, 1, 4] = 38

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